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2011: Failed States Index – Georgia Review

The strength of the Failed States Index is its ability to distill millions of pieces of information into a form that is relevant as well as easily digestible and informative. Daily, the Fund for Peace collects thousands of reports and information from around the world, detailing the existing social, economic and political pressures faced by each of the 177 countries that we analyze.

The Fund for Peace’s software performs content analysis on this collected information. Through sophisticated search parameters and algorithms, the CAST software separates the relevant data from the irrelevant. Guided by 12 primary social, economic and political indicators (each split into an average of 14 sub-indicators), the CAST software analyzes the collected information using specialized search terms that flag relevant items. This analysis is then converted using an algorithm into a score representing the significance of each of the various pressures for a given country.

Georgian Score: 47 from 177 country, in 2010 – 37 (Then lower in the list, the better)

Georgia is the most improved nation, reaping the benefits of new accountability and transparency measures in the security sector and a government crackdown on corruption. A reduced threat of conflict with neighboring Russia further improved scores.

Score Rank Different
Mounting Demograpic Pressures 5.80 112 -0.40
Massive Movement of Refugees or Internally-Displaced Persons 7.50 32 -0.80
Vengeance-Seeking Group Grievance 8.00 31 -0.50
Chronic and Sustained Human Flight 5.50 104 -0.50
Uneven Economic Development 6.90 86 -0.60
Poverty and Sharp or Severe Economic Decline 6.00 84 0.00
Legitimacy of the State 8.40 35 -0.60
Progressive Deterioration of Public Services 6.00 83 -0.30
Violation of Human Rights and Rule of Law 6.90 66 -0.60
Security Apparatus 7.90 32 0.00
Rise of Factionalized Elites 8.95 18 0.05
Intervention of External Actors 8.50 22 -1.00
Total 86.35 47 -5.45

Each Indicator is rated on a 1 to 10 scale with 1 (low) being the most stable and 10 (high) being the most at-risk of collapse and violence. Think of it as trying to bring down a fever, with high being dangerous and low being acceptable.

Source: http://www.fundforpeace.org/global/?q=fsi-grid2011

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Venice Commission’s forthcoming opinion on the new Georgian legislation

The European Commission for Democracy through Law, better known as the Venice Commission, is the Council of Europe’s advisory body on constitutional matters. Established in 1990, the commission has played a leading role in the adoption of constitutions that conform to the standards of Europe’s constitutional heritage.

Initially conceived as a tool for emergency constitutional engineering, the commission has become an internationally recognised independent legal think-tank. Today it contributes to the dissemination of the European constitutional heritage, based on the continent’s fundamental legal values while continuing to provide “constitutional first-aid” to individual states. The Venice Commission also plays a unique and unrivalled role in crisis management and conflict prevention through constitution building and advice.

The Commission meets in plenary four times a year – in March, June, October and December – in Venice, in Scuola Grande di San Giovanni Evangelista.

You can see Venice Commission’s forthcoming opinion on the new Georgian legislation: http://www.venice.coe.int/site/dynamics/N_Opinion_ef.asp?L=E&CID=40

2011: Index of Economic Freedom – Georgia Review

The  Heritage  FoundationGeorgia’s economic freedom score is 70.4, making its economy the 29th freest in the 2011 Index. Its overall score is unchanged from last year, with gains in monetary freedom largely cancelled out by increased government spending. Georgia is ranked 15th out of 43 countries in the Europe region, and its overall score is higher than the world average.

Georgia Economic Freedom ScoreThe Georgian economy has maintained its status as a “mostly free” economy in the 2011 Index. Notable reforms in Economic Freedom Score business freedom, trade freedom, fiscal freedom, and labor freedom have spurred economic development in recent years. Despite a sharp contraction due to the Russian invasion and the global recession, the economy has averaged 4.8 percent annual growth over the last five years.

Georgia is well positioned to resume economic expansion. The business environment is supported by a competitive tax regime and an efficient regulatory framework. Reforms in public financial management are ongoing. Corruption weighs heavily on overall economic freedom, but anti-corruption measures since 2003 have made some progress.

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