Political Rights Score: 4
Civil Liberties Score: 3
Status: Partly Free
The numerical ratings and status listed above do not reflect conditions in South Ossetia or Abkhazia, which are examined in separate reports.
Georgia’s civil liberties rating improved from 4 to 3 due to a reduction in the political instability the country confronted in the aftermath of the 2008 Russian invasion, as well as greater media diversity, including the launch of satellite broadcasts by the opposition television station Maestro.
In 2010, Georgia began to recover from the conflict and political tumult of previous years, which among other effects had knocked its reform ambitions off course. Local elections held in May 2010 were considered improvements over earlier polls, and the campaign took place in a generally open media environment. Georgia’s relations with Russia remained poor in 2010, with Russian troops still occupying a considerable portion of Georgia’s internationally recognized territory.
This 80-page report is the first comprehensive report on cluster munition use by Russia and Georgia in their week-long conflict over the separatist enclave of South Ossetia. Human Rights Watch field investigations in August, September, and October 2008 documented dozens of civilian deaths and injuries from the use of cluster munitions, including casualties after the fighting ended. Unexploded submunitions continue to threaten civilians. Despite considerable material evidence of Russian cluster munition use, Russia has denied using them.
See documents: http://www.hrw.org/reports/2009/04/14/dying-practice-0
COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION
Brussels, 30 September 2009
13875/09 (Presse 278)
Today, Ambassador Heidi Tagliavini, Head of the Independent International Fact-Finding Mission on the Conflict in Georgia (IIFFMCG), presented the results of the investigation conducted by the IIFFMCG to representatives of Georgia, the Russian Federation, the European Union, the United Nations and the OSCE.
The European Union wishes to express its appreciation to Ambassador Tagliavini, and to the entire staff of the IIFFMCG, for the work accomplished under complex and challenging circumstances.
The EU welcomes the presentation of this report and takes note of its content. Underlining the independent nature of the report, the EU hopes that its findings can contribute towards a better understanding of the origins and the course of last year’s conflict and, in a broader perspective, serve as an input to future international efforts in the field of preventive diplomacy.
The EU also recalls that a peaceful and lasting solution to the conflicts in Georgia must be based on full respect for the principles of independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity as recognised by international law, including the Helsinki Final Act of the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe, and United Nations Security Council resolutions.
Note: The IIFFMCG announced its intention to publish the text of the report on the Internet (www.ceiig.ch) on 30 September in the afternoon.
Also you can see unofficial Georgian translation of the Volume I of the IIFFMCG report on the internet (georgien.boell-net.de/downloads/IIFFMCG_report_volume1_Ge.pdf).