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Georgia/Russia: Civilians in the line of fire: The Georgia-Russia conflict

Amnesty International

Index Number: EUR 04/005/2008

Date Published: 18 November 2008

From the onset of the five-day war between Georgia and Russia in the self-proclaimed republic of South Ossetia in August 2008 the conflicting parties failed to take necessary measures to protect civilians from the hostilities. In this report Amnesty International raises concerns that serious violations of both international human rights law and international humanitarian law were committed by all parties, both during the course of the conflict and in its aftermath.

This document is also available in: English: PDF, French: PDF, Georgian: PDF Russian: PDF


2008: Trafficking in Persons Report

Georgia is a source and transit country for women and girls trafficked primarily within the country and to Turkey and the U.A.E. for the purpose of commercial sexual exploitation. Women and girls from Ukraine, Moldova, Russia, and other former Soviet states are trafficked through Georgia to Turkey, the U.A.E., and Western Europe. Men are trafficked for the purpose of forced labor within the country and to Turkey, Russia, Greece, and the Gulf states. The breakaway regions of Abkhazia and South Ossetia were outside of the government’s control and remained likely source, destination, and transit areas for trafficking in persons.

The Government of Georgia fully complies with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking. The government made considerable progress over the past year, particularly in the prosecution and punishment of traffickers, and in the prevention of trafficking.

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2008: Failed States Index – Georgia Review

The strength of the Failed States Index is its ability to distill millions of pieces of information into a form that is relevant as well as easily digestible and informative. Daily, the Fund for Peace collects thousands of reports and information from around the world, detailing the existing social, economic and political pressures faced by each of the 177 countries that we analyze.

The Fund for Peace’s software performs content analysis on this collected information. Through sophisticated search parameters and algorithms, the CAST software separates the relevant data from the irrelevant. Guided by 12 primary social, economic and political indicators (each split into an average of 14 sub-indicators), the CAST software analyzes the collected information using specialized search terms that flag relevant items. This analysis is then converted using an algorithm into a score representing the significance of each of the various pressures for a given country.

Georgian Score: 56 from 177 country, in 2007 – 58 (Then lower in the list, the better)

Score Rank Different
Mounting Demograpic Pressures 6.30 104 0.00
Massive Movement of Refugees or Internally-Displaced Persons 6.80 43 0.00
Vengeance-Seeking Group Grievance 8.10 24 0.50
Chronic and Sustained Human Flight 5.70 99 0.00
Uneven Economic Development 6.90 108 -0.10
Poverty and Sharp or Severe Economic Decline 5.40 100 -0.30
Legitimacy of the State 8.40 34 0.50
Progressive Deterioration of Public Services 5.90 93 -0.20
Violation of Human Rights and Rule of Law 5.90 100 0.50
Security Apparatus 7.70 37 -0.10
Rise of Factionalized Elites 8.30 35 0.50
Intervention of External Actors 8.40 18 0.20
Total 83.8 56 1.50

Each Indicator is rated on a 1 to 10 scale with 1 (low) being the most stable and 10 (high) being the most at-risk of collapse and violence. Think of it as trying to bring down a fever, with high being dangerous and low being acceptable.