USSD: The Trafficking in Persons (TIP)

U.S. Department of State

Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor

The Trafficking in Persons (TIP) Report is the U.S. Government’s principal diplomatic tool to engage foreign governments on human trafficking. It is also the world’s most comprehensive resource of governmental anti-human trafficking efforts and reflects the U.S. Government’s commitment to global leadership on this key human rights and law enforcement issue. It represents an updated, global look at the nature and scope of trafficking in persons and the broad range of government actions to confront and eliminate it. The U.S. Government uses the TIP Report to engage in public diplomacy to encourage partnership in creating and implementing laws and policies to combat trafficking and to target resources on prevention, protection and prosecution programs. Worldwide, the report is used by international organizations, foreign governments, and nongovernmental organizations alike as a tool to examine where resources are most needed. Freeing victims, preventing trafficking, and bringing traffickers to justice are the ultimate goals of the report and of the U.S Government’s anti-human trafficking policy.

In the TIP Report, the Department of State places each country onto one of three tiers based on the extent of their governments’ efforts to comply with the “minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking” found in Section 108 of the TVPA. While Tier 1 is the highest ranking, it does not mean that a country has no human trafficking problem. On the contrary, a Tier 1 ranking indicates that a government has acknowledged the existence of human trafficking, made efforts to address the problem, and complies with the TVPA’s minimum standards. Each year, governments need to demonstrate appreciable progress in combating trafficking to maintain a Tier 1 ranking.

This year’s report reflects upgrades for 22 countries in recognition of long overdue results and downgrades for 21 countries demonstrating sparse victim protections, desultory implementation, or inadequate legal structures. In 2010, under the leadership of Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton, the TIP Report ranked for the first time ever the United States’ anti-trafficking efforts. The United States recognizes that, like other countries, it has a serious problem with human trafficking for both labor and commercial sexual exploitation. The U.S. Government takes pride in its best practices to combat the crime of trafficking, recognizes challenges, and seeks continual innovation and strengthening of its efforts at home and in partnership with other countries.

Since the inception of the TIP Report in 2001, the number of countries included and ranked has more than doubled to include 177 countries in the 2010 TIP Report. The number of countries on Tier 1 has grown from 12 to 30 and the number of countries on Tier 3 has decreased from 23 to 12.  Around the world, the TIP Report and the best practices reflected therein have inspired legislation, national action plans, implementation of policies and funded programs, protection mechanisms that complement prosecution efforts, and a comprehensive understanding of the issue

The The Trafficking in Persons (TIP)*

2001 <> 2002 <> 2003 <> 2004 <> 2005 <> 2006 <> 2007 <> 2008 <> 2009


Note: Each edition of The Trafficking in Persons (TIP) Report developments that took place in the previous calendar year .

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